Toe nail fungus > Cause of toe nail fungus

Cause of toe nail fungus

Fungi are plant organisms, such as mold and mildew. An toe- or hand nail infection can be a fungus invading the nail and actually living off of it. A fungal infection is one of the hardest nail conditions to treat.

Toenail fungus can easily be picked up in warm, wet areas such as public gyms, saunas, shower stalls and swimming pools, where they are common on the wet floors.

Another risk factor: tight, enclosed shoes or boots, which trap sweat and heat. This creates the ideal conditions for fungi to develop.

Some research papers show that smoking can increase the risk of a toenail infection, by restricting the circulation to the feet. So does diabetes, which also impairs circulation.

Also poor foot hygiene or not drying off the feet thoroughly after bathing or showering increases the risk on toenail fungus. Nail fungus can be spread from person to person, for instance family members, through wet bathroom floors.

Using nail polish on the nails, still popular by a lot of women, does not invite or worsen the infection according to experts.

If you are interested in fungi, a possible interesting research paper might be: "Mycology of nail disorders" (the study of the fungi is called mycology). It tells more about the diffent types and groups of fungi of nail disorders. A small excerpt of the article: Cases of onychomycosis represent up to 30% of diagnosed superficial fungal infections and are caused by three groups of fungi: dermatophytes, yeasts, and nondermatophytic molds. The majority of toenail infections are caused by dermatophytes; Trichophyton rubrum is isolated with the greatest frequency. In infections of fingernails, Candida species can be isolated as frequently as the dermatophytes. Link to the research paper "Mycology of nail disorders".